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    加州的Iron Ox公司讓機器人種植蔬菜

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    A California company is using robots to grow plants in greenhouses that it says use 90 percent less water than traditional farms.

    加利福尼亞州一家公司正在使用機器人在溫室里種植植物,該公司稱,溫室的用水量比傳統農場少90%。

    The company, Iron Ox, operates several greenhouses and has plans to expand.

    這家名為Iron Ox的公司經營著幾個溫室,并計劃擴大規模。

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    It recently announced a new $50 million investment.

    該公司最近宣布了一項5000萬美元的新投資。

    The financing was led by Breakthrough Energy Ventures, a company established by Microsoft founder Bill Gates.

    這次融資是由微軟創始人比爾·蓋茨創立的突破能源投資基金牽頭的。

    At a 930-square meter center in Gilroy, California, Iron Ox uses a self-driving robot named Grover to transport containers of plants.

    在加利福尼亞州吉爾羅伊的一個930平方米的中心,Iron Ox 使用一個名為Grover的自動駕駛機器人來運輸植物容器。

    The large greenhouse uses hydroponics, a system designed to grow plants in materials other than soil, such as water.

    這個大型溫室使用水培,這是一種旨在用土壤以外的材料(如水)種植植物的系統。

    The company says each container, known as a module, carries 30 liters of water and about 70 seedlings as it moves.

    該公司表示,每個被稱為模塊的容器在移動過程中攜帶30升水和大約70棵幼苗。

    Another machine uses robotic arms to lift the top of the plants out of the water.

    另一臺機器使用機械臂將植物的頂部抬出水面。

    This permits the roots to be inspected.

    這樣就可以檢查根部了。

    Sensors also examine the water, measuring levels of nitrogen and acidity.

    傳感器還會檢測水中的氮含量和酸度。

    Iron Ox claims the system uses 90 percent less water than traditional farms, as well as 90 percent less electricity than indoor farms using LED lights.

    Iron Ox聲稱,該系統比傳統農場少用90%的水,比使用LED燈的室內農場少用90%的電。

    LED stands for light emitting diode, which produces light up to 90 percent more efficiently than regular lights.

    LED是發光二極管的縮寫,其發光效率比普通燈高出90%。

    Sarah Osentoski is the company's senior vice president of engineering.

    薩拉·奧森托斯基是該公司負責工程的高級副總裁。

    She told Reuters news agency she believes robots like these can help prepare for a more sustainable future.

    她告訴路透社,她認為像這樣的機器人會有助于為更可持續的未來做準備。

    "I think it's a really exciting way we can move forward in agriculture right now," Osentoski said.

    奧森托斯基說:“我認為這是一種我們現在可以在農業上前進的非常令人興奮的方式?!?/p>

    "I really believe that we need to grow in a way that could feed the future of the world without hurting the Earth," she added.

    她補充說:“我真的認為,我們需要以一種既能養活世界的未來,又不會傷害地球的方式來實現增長?!?/p>

    "So, a big part of our mission is to grow more with less."

    “因此,我們的一個重要使命就是用更少的資源實現更多的增長?!?/p>

    The company notes that in its greenhouses, any water not used can be pumped back into the system to be reused later.

    該公司指出,在溫室里,任何沒有用過的水都可以被抽回系統,供以后重復使用。

    Agriculture is an important part of California's economy.

    農業是加利福尼亞州經濟的重要組成部分。

    But water usage has increasingly become a concern.

    但水的使用越來越成為一個令人擔憂的問題。

    The last major drought in 2012-2017 cut water for farmers, forced household usage limits and fueled deadly wildfires.

    上一次發生在2012-2017年的嚴重干旱導致農民缺水,迫使家庭限制用水,并引發了致命的野火。

    Iron Ox currently grows Thai basil and strawberries and is working on cilantro, parsley, and tomatoes.

    Iron Ox 目前種植泰國羅勒和草莓,并正在研究種植香菜、歐芹和西紅柿。

    The company plans to build a new 50,000-square-meter greenhouse in Lockhart, Texas.

    該公司計劃在得克薩斯州洛克哈特新建一個5萬平方米的溫室。

    There, the robots will be moving about 5,400 modules.

    在那里,機器人將移動大約5400個模塊。

    Iron Ox CEO Brandon Alexander told Reuters that building the company has been "an eye opener" for him and others.

    Iron Ox首席執行官布蘭登·亞歷山大對路透社表示,建立這家公司讓他和其他人“大開眼界”。

    "I think we're now at a stage where most people understand that conditions are only getting worse," he said.

    他說:“我認為我們現在正處于一個大多數人都明白情況只會越來越糟的階段?!?/p>

    The system includes another inspection station that uses overhead cameras to capture three-dimensional (3D) images of the plant.

    該系統包括另一個檢測站,該檢測站使用空中攝像機捕捉植物的三維圖像。

    Scientists use this data to study crop production levels.

    科學家利用這些數據來研究農作物的產量。

    "We want to give each plant exactly what it needs and nothing it doesn't," Alexander said.

    亞歷山大說:“我們想給每一株植物提供它真正需要的東西,而不是它不需要的東西?!?/p>

    After the sensors examine the plants, the system provides suggestions for what is missing.

    在傳感器檢查完植物后,系統就會為植物缺失的東西提供建議。

    "What does that plant need that we're not giving it."

    “那棵植物需要什么,而我們沒有給它?!?/p>

    Sarah Osentoski sees the robotic, indoor system expanding in the coming years to become a scalable model.

    薩拉·奧森托斯基認為,機器人室內系統在未來幾年將會擴大,成為一種可擴展的模型。

    "I think it's a really interesting way to bring modern technology in a controlled setting to agriculture.

    她說:“我認為這是一種非常有趣的方式,可以在可控的環境下將現代技術引入農業。

    And it lets us do things that grow in ways that are really unique and different," she said.

    它讓我們以真正獨特和不同的方式實現增長?!?/p>

    I'm Bryan Lynn.

    布萊恩·林恩為您播報。

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