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    美國兒童肥胖人數在大流行期間增加

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    A new study found that the COVID-19 pandemic has led to a large increase in obesity in American children and teenagers.

    一項新的研究發現,新冠大流行導致美國兒童和青少年肥胖人數大幅增加。

    Childhood obesity has been increasing for many years.

    多年來,兒童肥胖人數一直在增加。

    The new study suggests that the rate of obesity quickened even more last year, especially among those who already were obese when the pandemic started.

    這項新的研究表明,去年肥胖率增長得更快,尤其是在那些在大流行開始時就已經發胖的人群中。

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    The results signal a "profound increase in weight gain for kids" and are very concerning, said Doctor Alyson Goodman.

    艾莉森·古德曼醫生說,這一結果表明“兒童體重的大幅增加”,令人非常擔憂。

    She is with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and one of the authors of the study.

    她在美國疾病控制與預防中心工作,是這項研究的作者之一。

    The pandemic appears to be making the nation's obesity epidemic worse.

    這次大流行似乎使該國的肥胖流行病變得更加嚴重。

    Obesity can put people at risk for heart disease and high blood pressure.

    肥胖會使人們有患心臟病和高血壓的風險。

    Overweight people are also at higher risk for severe coronavirus infection.

    超重的人感染嚴重冠狀病毒的風險也更高。

    The CDC on Thursday released the study, which is the largest yet to look at obesity during the pandemic.

    美國疾病控制與預防中心周四發布了這項研究,這是迄今為止對大流行期間的肥胖問題進行的最大規模的研究。

    It found that about 22 percent of children and teenagers were obese last August.

    該研究發現,去年8月,大約22%的兒童和青少年患有肥胖癥。

    That is up from 19 percent from the year before.

    這比前一年的19%有所上升。

    Before the pandemic, children who were a healthy weight gained an average of 1.5 kilograms a year.

    在大流行之前,體重健康的兒童平均每年增加1.5公斤。

    That rose to 2.4 kilograms during the pandemic.

    在大流行期間,這一數字上升到2.4公斤。

    And for severely obese kids, expected yearly weight gain went from 4 kilograms to 6.6 kilograms.

    對于嚴重肥胖的兒童,預計每年的體重增加從4公斤增加到6.6公斤。

    The rate of obesity increased the highest in ages 6 to 11.

    肥胖率在6至11歲的人群中上升幅度最大。

    Younger children are more dependent on their parents and may have been more effected when schools stopped in-person classes, the researchers said.

    研究人員說,年齡較小的孩子更依賴父母,學校停止面對面授課可能對他們的影響更大。

    The research was based on an examination of medical records of more than 432,000 kids and teens, ages 2 to 19.

    這項研究是基于對超過43.2萬名2至19歲的兒童和青少年的醫療記錄的檢查。

    They were weighed and measured at least twice before the pandemic and at least once early in the pandemic.

    在大流行之前,他們至少被稱重和測量了兩次,在大流行早期,他們至少被稱重和測量了一次。

    There were some limits to the study.

    這項研究有一些局限性。

    It only included children who received medical care before and during the pandemic, the researchers said.

    研究人員說,它只包括在大流行之前和大流行期間接受過醫療護理的兒童。

    It also did not look at the differences in weight gain between racial and ethnic groups.

    它也沒有研究不同種族和民族之間體重增加的差異。

    Earlier this week, the CDC said there are now 16 states where at least 35 percent of the population is obese.

    本周早些時候,美國疾病控制與預防中心表示,目前有16個州至少有35%的人口肥胖。

    Most are in the southern part of the country.

    大多數都在該國的南部。

    I'm Dan Novak.

    丹·諾瓦克為您播報。

    譯文為可可英語翻譯,未經授權請勿轉載!

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